Schröter, Johann Hieronymus
BornErfurt, (Thüringen, Germany), 30 August 1745
DiedLilienthal, (Niedersachsen, Germany), 29 August 1816
Observational astronomer, telescope builder, and noted selenographer, Johann Schröter provided the first extensive description of lunar rilles and solar granulation (convection cells). He was also the first to establish the presence of an atmosphere around Venus.
Schröter’s father, Paul Christoph Schröter, was a lawyer who married Regina Sophia Streckroth in 1729. In 1764, Johann went to Göttingen to study law. But the observatory director, Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, awakened a love of astronomy in the young jurist. In 1777, Schröter was appointed secretary of the Royal Chamber (of King George III) in Hanover.
Being musically inclined, Schröter got to know the family of regimental bandmaster Isaak Herschel, who had nine children. The eldest of these, William Herschel, was a self-taught astronomer. Returning from a visit to England, William’s brother Dietrich brought Schröter his...
- Gerdes, Dieter (1986). Das Leben und das Werk des Astronomen Dr. Johann Hieronymus Schroeter, geboren am 30. August 1745 zu Erfurt. Lilienthal: Gerdes.Google Scholar
- Oestmann, Günther (2002). “Astronomical Dilettante or Misunderstood Genius? On Johann Hieronymus Schroeter’s Image in the History of Science.” In Astronomie von Olbers bis Schwarzschild, edited by Wolfgang R. Dick, pp. 9–24. Acta Historica Astronomiae, Vol. 14. Frankfurt am Main: Harri Deutsch.Google Scholar