BornAugsburg, (Bavaria, Germany)
DiedAugsburg, (Bavaria, Germany), 1627
Little is known about Julius Schiller; he is famous for his contribution to celestial cartography, thanks to his atlas entitled Coelum Stellatum Christianum (Augsburg, 1627). In this work, he improved Johann Bayer’s Uranometria, on the basis of Johannes Kepler’s Tabulae Rudolphinae, both correcting stars’ positions and adding stars that Bayer omitted in his atlas.
The most interesting peculiarity of Schiller’s atlas, from the point of view of the history of celestial cartography, was the attempt to substitute for the constellations deriving from the ancient tradition, new Christian asterisms inspired by the Old Testament (in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere) and the New Testament (in the Northern Celestial Hemisphere). The 12 zodiacal constellations were replaced with the figures of the 12 apostles. However, Schiller’s proposal was not followed by other cartographers, and his Christian constellations became a...