Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Scheiner, Christoph

  • Horst Kant
Reference work entry

BornWald (Markt Wald near Mindelheim, Bavaria, Germany), 25 July 1573

DiedNeisse (Nysa, Poland), 18 June 1650

Christoph Scheiner was a German mathematician, physicist, and astronomer, who was one of the first to observe sunspots.

After attending the Jesuit Latin school in Augsburg and the Jesuit college at Landsberg, Scheiner entered the Jesuit order in 1593. (In 1617, he was ordained a priest.) From 1598 to 1601, he studied mathematics and metaphysics at the university at Ingolstadt; then he worked (1602–1605) as a teacher of Latin at the Jesuit college in Dillingen. From 1605 to 1609, Scheiner studied theology in Ingolstadt. During 1610–1617, he was professor of mathematics (astronomy) and Hebrew at the university at Ingolstadt, from 1619 to 1620 professor in Innsbruck, and during 1620–1621 professor in Freiburg. In 1621, Scheiner became father confessor of Archduke Karl of Austria and Bishop of Neisse, and in 1622 he founded a Jesuit college in Neisse, and became its superior. From...

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Selected References

  1. Anon. (2000). Sonne entdecken: Christoph Scheiner 1575–1650. Begleitbuch zur Ausstellung. Inglostadt: Stadtmuseum Ingolstadt.Google Scholar
  2. — (1630). Rosa Ursina sive Sol. Braccianum.Google Scholar
  3. — (1631). Pantographice seu ars delineandi. Rome.Google Scholar
  4. — (1995). Briefe des Naturwissenschaftlers Christoph Scheiner SJ an Erzherzog Leopold V. von Österreich-Tirol 1620–1632, edited by Franz Daxecker. Innsbruck: Universität Innsbruck.Google Scholar
  5. Braunmühl, Anton von (1891). Christoph Scheiner als Mathematiker, Physiker und Astronom. Bayerische Bibliothek. Vol. 24. Bamberg: Brunmih-Buchnersche VerlagsbuchhandiungGoogle Scholar
  6. Daxecker, Franz (1996). Das Hauptwerk des Astronomen P. Christoph Scheiner SJ: “Rosa Ursina sive Sol”: Eine Zusammenfassung. Innsbruck: Universitätsverlag Wagner.Google Scholar
  7. — (2001). “‘Über das Fernrohr’ und weitere Mitschriften von Vorlesungen Christoph Scheiners.” In Vol. 4 of Beiträge zur Astronomiegeschichte, edited by Wolfgang R. Dick and Jürgen Hamel, pp. 19–23. Frankfurt am Main: Harri Deutsch.Google Scholar
  8. Moss, Jean Dietz (1993). “The Significance of the Sunspot Quarrel.” In Novelties in the Heavens: Rhetoric and Science in the Copernican Controversy, pp. 97–126. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  9. Scheiner, Christoph (1619). Oculus, hoc est, fundamentum opticum, in quo ex accurata oculi anatome … radius visualis eruitur … Oeniponti: Agricola.Google Scholar
  10. Shea, William R. (1970). “Galileo, Scheiner, and the Interpretation of Sunspots.” Isis 61: 498–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for the History of ScienceBerlinGermany