Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Schalén, Carl Adam Wilhelm

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_1228

BornSweden, 11 January 1902

DiedSweden, 11 December 1993

Carl Schalén discovered, independently of  Robert Trumpler, the general interstellar absorption, but his contribution to this field has been nearly forgotten. He was the son of Claës Adam Schalén and Vivica Ebpa Charlotta Strokirk and, in 1940, married Agnes Carmen Elisabeth Rosenblad.

Schalén received his Ph.D. in astronomy at Uppsala University in 1929 as one of the students of  Östen Bergstrand and a contemporary of  Bertil Lindblad and  Knut Lundmark. Schalén held the position of observator at Uppsala from 1941 to 1955 and was professor of astronomy at Lund University from 1955 until his retirement in 1968. He was elected to the Royal Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, in 1949 and was a member of the council of the European Southern Observatory very early in its history.

Schalén was a member of the group of astronomers at Uppsala University, centered around Bergstrand and Lindblad, which used stellar spectra to determine the...

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Selected References

  1. Ardeberg, Arne. “Schalén, Carl Adam Wilhelm.” In Svenskt biografiskt lexicon.Google Scholar
  2. Holmberg, Gustav (1999). Reaching for the Stars: Studies in the History of Swedish Stellar and Nebular Astronomy, 1860–1940. Lund: Lund University.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.History of Science and Ideas, Lund UniversityLundSweden