Saunders, Frederick Albert
BornLondon, Ontario, Canada, 18 August 1875
DiedSouth Hadley, Massachusetts, USA, 9 June 1963
Canadian-American spectroscopist Frederick Saunders gave his name to a method, devised with Henry Norris Russell, called Russell-Saunders coupling, used to calculate how the electrons in atoms with more than one in the outer, active shell interact to produce the emission and absorption features. It is also called L-S coupling, where L and S are symbols for the orbital and spin angular momenta of the electron ensemble.
Saunders was the son of the eminent Canadian agriculturist, William Saunders, and Sarah Robinson, both of whom emigrated from England. He married Grace Elder in 1900; they had two children, Anthony E. and Margery (Middleton). He married Margaret Tucker in 1925.
Saunders was a physics student at the University of Toronto, taking his BA in 1895. A student of Henry Rowlandat Johns Hopkins University, Saunders took his Ph.D. there in 1899. After a brief stay at Haverford College...
- Olson, Harry F. (1967). “Frederick Albert Saunders.” Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences 39: 403–416.Google Scholar