Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Samarqandī: Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ashraf al-Ḥusaynī al-Samarqandī

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_1212

BornSamarqand, (Uzbekistan)

Died1302

Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī, who lived in the thirteenth century, wrote books on kalām (theology), logic, mathematics, and astronomy; his works were taught for many centuries in the madrasas (schools) throughout the Islamic world.

Little is known about his life. After studying the standard curriculum in the basic religious sciences, Samarqandī mastered kalām, (logic, and geometry). His works in these fields cover the standard material of Hellenistic and Islamic knowledge, but they also contain contributions that are original both in content and method. One of the most striking features of his works is that they set forth the idea of a universe based upon geometrical forms. In this sense, he can be regarded as the founder of the movement that might be named “geometrical” kalām in the Islamic world.

In the field of theoretical astronomy, Samarqandī wrote a (commentary) sharḥ on  Naṣīr al-Dīn al- Ṭūsī’s taḥrīr (Recension) of  Ptolemy’s Almagest. He...

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Selected References

  1. Al-Samarqandī, Shams al-Dīn (1985). al-Saha’if al-ilāhiyya, edited by Ahmad ҁAbd al-Rahmān al-Sharīf. Kuwait: Moktabaṯ al-Fatāh. pp. 13–28.Google Scholar
  2. Bağdadlı İsmail Paşa (1955). Hadiyyat al-ҁārifīn. Vol. 2, p. 106. Istanbul: Milli Egition Bahaanlīge Yayinlare.Google Scholar
  3. Bingöl, Abdulkuddüs (1991). “Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Ashraf al-Samarqandi ve Qistas al-Afkar’ı.” Edebiyat Bilimleri Arastırma Dergisi 19: 173–182.Google Scholar
  4. Brockelmann, Carl. Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur. 2nd ed. Vol. 1 (1943): 615–617; Suppl. 1 (1937): 849–850. Leiden: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar
  5. Dilgan, H. (1960). “Démonstration du Ve postulat d’Euclide par Shams-ed-Din Samarqandi.” Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications 13: 191–196.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. — (1975). “Al-Samarqandī.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 12, p. 91. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  7. Kātib Čelebī. Kashf al-zunūnҁan asāmī al-kutub wa-’l-funūn. Vol. 1 (1941), cols. 39–40, 105; Vol. 2 (1943), cols. 1074, 1075, 1326. Istanbul: Milli Egition Bahaanlīge Yayinlare.Google Scholar
  8. Qurbānī, Abū al-Qāsim (1986/1987). Zindagī-nāmah-i riyādī’dānān dawrah-i Islāmī. Tehran: Markaz-i Nasr-i Danişgah, pp. 275–288.Google Scholar
  9. Suwaysī, Muhammad (ed.) (1984). Ashkāl al-ta’sīs li-’l-Samarqandī (with the Sharh of Qādīzāde al-Rūmī). Tunis: al-Dār al-Tunîsiyya, pp. 23–26.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey