Samarqandī: Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ashraf al-Ḥusaynī al-Samarqandī
Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī, who lived in the thirteenth century, wrote books on kalām (theology), logic, mathematics, and astronomy; his works were taught for many centuries in the madrasas (schools) throughout the Islamic world.
Little is known about his life. After studying the standard curriculum in the basic religious sciences, Samarqandī mastered kalām, (logic, and geometry). His works in these fields cover the standard material of Hellenistic and Islamic knowledge, but they also contain contributions that are original both in content and method. One of the most striking features of his works is that they set forth the idea of a universe based upon geometrical forms. In this sense, he can be regarded as the founder of the movement that might be named “geometrical” kalām in the Islamic world.
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