Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Ṣāҁid al-Andalusī: Abū l-Qāsim Ṣāҁid ibn abī l-Walīd Aḥmad Ibn ҁAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Ṣāҁid al-Taghlibī al-Qurṭubī

  • Lutz Richter-Bernburg
Reference work entry

BornAlmería, (Spain), 1029

DiedToledo, (Spain), July or August 1070

Ṣāҁid al-Andalusī was a Muslim historian, historian of science and thought, and mathematical scientist with an especial interest in astronomy. Given the near-total loss of his astronomical writings, his claim to recognition in science largely rests on his encouragement and possibly patronage – in his capacity as a well-placed functionary at the Toledan court – of a group of young precision instrument makers and scientists, the most renowned of whom was Azarquiel (i.e.,  Zarqālī). The precise extent of his involvement in the compilation of the Toledan Tables – widely disseminated in Latin Europe during subsequent centuries – remains uncertain, owing to the Tables’ deficient manuscript tradition and to the fragmentariness of biobibliographic data.

Following in the footsteps of his paternal family, Ṣāҁid pursued the career of a legal official, having received a solid education in the Islamic religious disciplines; in...

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Selected References

  1. Llavero Ruiz, Eloísa (1987). “Panorama cultural de Al’Andalus según Abū l-Qāsim Sāҁid b. Ahmad, cadí de Toledo.” Boletín de la Asociación Española de Orientalistas 23: 79–100.Google Scholar
  2. — (trans.) (2000). Historia de la filosofía y de las ciencias o libro de las categorías de las naciones (Kitāb tabaqāt al-umam). Madrid: Trotta.Google Scholar
  3. Martinez-Gros, Gabriel (1985). “La clôture du temps chez le cadi Sāҁid, une conception implicite de l’histoire.” Revue de l’Occident musulman et de la Méditerranée 40: 147–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. — (1995). “Sāҁid al-Andalusī.” In Encyclopaedia of Islam. 2nd ed. Vol. 8, pp. 867–868. Leiden: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar
  5. Pedersen, Fritz Saaby (2002). The Toledan Tables: A Review of the Manuscripts and the Textual Versions. Copenhagen: Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab.Google Scholar
  6. Richter-Bernburg, Lutz (1987). “Ṣāҁid, the Toledan Tables, and Andalusī Science.” In From Deferent to Equant: A Volume of Studies in the History of Science in the Ancient and Medieval Near East in Honor of E. S. Kennedy, edited by David A. King and George Saliba, pp. 373–401. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 500. New York: New York Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
  7. Ṣāҁid al-Andalusī (1912). Kitāb Tabaqāt al-umam, edited by P. Louis Cheikho. Beirut: Imprimerie Catholique. French translation with notes by Régis Blachère as Livre des catégories des nations. Paris: Larose, 1935.Google Scholar
  8. — (1985). Kitāb Ṭabaqāt al-umam, edited by Ḥayāt BūҁAlwān. Beirut.Google Scholar
  9. Salem, Semaҁan I. and Alok Kumar (trans. and eds.) (1991). Science in the Medieval World: “Book of the Categories of Nations,” by Sāҁid al-Andalusī. Austin: University of Texas Press. Pb. ed. 1996. (English translation, to be used with caution.)Google Scholar
  10. Samsó, Julio (1992). Las ciencias de los antiguos en al-Andalus. Madrid: Mapfre, pp. 148–150.Google Scholar
  11. — (1994). Islamic Astronomy and Medieval Spain. Aldershot: Variorum.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TübingenTübingenGermany