Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Ming Ronnier Luo

Kruithof Curve

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8071-7_135

Definition

“Kruithof’s graph,” as published in 1941 by Kruithof, that shows, for general lighting in interiors, what combinations of illuminance level and correlated color temperature result in a “pleasing” or “not pleasing” assessment by persons in that interior.

Preferred Correlated Color Temperature (CCT) for General Lighting in Interiors

Around the time of the introduction of tubular fluorescent lamps in the early 1940s, Kruithof was the first who carried out a study on preferred correlated color temperature (CCT) for interior lighting. He investigated the relationship between lighting level in an interior and the CCT of the light sources used, on the assessment of people in terms of pleasantness [1]. His study received much recognition, although many subsequent researchers got inconsistent results. It must be realized that not only the lighting level but aspects as climatic conditions and cultural background influence the preferred illuminance as well.

Lighting not only has a...

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References

  1. 1.
    Kruithof, A.A.: Tubular luminescence lamps for general illumination. Philips Tech. Rev. 6, 65–96 (1941)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Van Bommel, W.J.M., van den Beld, G.J.: Lighting for work, a review of visual and biological effects. Light Res. Technol. 36, 255–269 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    De Boer, J.B., Fischer, D.: Interior Lighting, 2nd edn. Kluwer Technische Boeken, Deventer (1981)Google Scholar
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    Mills, P.R., Tomkins, S.C., Schlangen, L.J.M.: The effect of high correlated colour temperature office lighting on employee wellbeing and work performance. J. Circadian. Rhythm. 5, 2 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Boyce, P.R., Cuttle, C.: Effect of correlated color temperature on the perception of interiors and color discrimination performance. Light Res. Technol. 22, 19–36 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Vienot, F., Durand, M., Mahler, E.: Kruithof’s rule revisited using LED illumination. J. Mod. Opt. 56, 1433–1446 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    CIE Publication: Ocular Lighting Effects on Human Physiology and Behaviour, vol. 158. International Commission on Illumination, CIE, Vienna (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NuenenThe Netherlands