Chemical Absorption

Reference work entry

Abstract

In order to explain the principle of chemical absorption, the equations of vapor–liquid equilibrium are first introduced and the effects on gas solubility caused by temperature and pressure are also covered. Amine-based systems, carbonate-based systems, aqueous ammonia, membranes, enzyme-based systems, and ionic liquids–based system are discussed as the typical and emerging state of the art for chemical absorption. Furthermore, design rule and method are given to help complete the design of typical chemical absorption systems. The key issues to hinder the application of chemical absorption are discussed, such as water-consumption-related issues, environmental effects, and economical factors. Finally, applications and future directions are discussed.

Keywords

Steam Arsenic Pyrene Hematite Flange 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Thermal Power EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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