Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerhard Kreysa, Ken-ichiro Ota, Robert F. Savinell

Electrokinetics in the Removal of Chlorinated Organics from Soils

  • Claudio Cameselle
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6996-5_86

Chlorinated Organic Compounds

The term chlorinated organic compounds (COCs) refers to the substitution of one or more hydrogen atoms in an organic molecule by one or more chlorine atoms. Chlorinated organic compounds include aliphatic, cyclic, and aromatic structures. Typical chlorinated organics are the following: trichloroethylene (TCE), vinyl chloride (VC), and carbon tetrachloride (CT) in the aliphatic group; lindane (hexachlorocyclohexane) and DDT with a cyclic structure; and pentachlorophenol (PCP) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the aromatic group. Chlorinated organics have been used extensively in many industrial processes including the chemical industry, medicine, electronics, and pesticides. The main uses include solvents, pesticides, preservative agents, and intermediates in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and dyes. This kind of compounds can be found in many industrial fields and in many products in the market. Such a wide family of chemical compounds shows...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of VigoVigoSpain