Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry

pp 731-738

Date:

Electrokinetics in the Removal of Chlorinated Organics from Soils

  • Claudio CameselleAffiliated withDepartment of Chemical Engineering, University of Vigo Email author 

Chlorinated Organic Compounds

The term chlorinated organic compounds (COCs) refers to the substitution of one or more hydrogen atoms in an organic molecule by one or more chlorine atoms. Chlorinated organic compounds include aliphatic, cyclic, and aromatic structures. Typical chlorinated organics are the following: trichloroethylene (TCE), vinyl chloride (VC), and carbon tetrachloride (CT) in the aliphatic group; lindane (hexachlorocyclohexane) and DDT with a cyclic structure; and pentachlorophenol (PCP) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the aromatic group. Chlorinated organics have been used extensively in many industrial processes including the chemical industry, medicine, electronics, and pesticides. The main uses include solvents, pesticides, preservative agents, and intermediates in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and dyes. This kind of compounds can be found in many industrial fields and in many products in the market. Such a wide family of chem ...

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