Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerhard Kreysa, Ken-ichiro Ota, Robert F. Savinell

Mercury Drop Electrodes

  • Ying-Hui LeeEmail author
  • Chi-Chang Hu
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6996-5_68

Introduction and Description

Mercury has been widely used in electrochemistry, especially as a working electrode due to its unique electrochemical properties. The employment of a mercury electrode as the working electrode is called polarography, which was invented by Professor Jaroslav Heyrovský in 1922 [1]. Prof. Heyrovský was awarded Nobel Prize in 1959 for the significance polarography has established in electrochemical analysis. In this entry, we will introduce different types of mercury drop electrodes, the associated techniques for utilizing mercury electrodes, and the applications of mercury electrodes for the determination of various species.

Mercury electrodes are beneficial for the measurement of both inorganic and organic materials. The species to be determined on the mercury electrode should demonstrate electroactivity within the available potential range, or catalytic activity, or the ability to be adsorbed on mercury. The electroactive species must be soluble in a...

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentNational Tsing Hua UniversityHsinchuTaiwan