Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerhard Kreysa, Ken-ichiro Ota, Robert F. Savinell

Aqueous Rechargeable Lithium Batteries (ARLB)

  • Yuping Wu
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6996-5_530


A rechargeable battery using lithium intercalation (insertion) compound(s) as one or two electrodes based on redox reactions and lithium-containing aqueous solution as electrolyte. During the charge and discharge process, redox reactions, not absorption and desorption, happen together with insertion/removal of lithium ions and gain/loss of electrons. When one electrode utilizes the absorption/desorption, it is called as hybrid supercapacitors instead of batteries.

Its electrolyte is based on aqueous solutions of lithium salts instead of nonaqueous solutions [1, 2], which are usually combustible [3].


It is a rechargeable battery and consists of the following main materials: positive electrode, negative electrode, electrolytes, and separators. However, in some reports, the positive electrode and negative electrode are called as cathode and anode, respectively. Scientifically speaking, this calling is not pertinent.

Positive Electrode Materials

Their positive...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryFudan UniversityShanghaiChina