Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerhard Kreysa, Ken-ichiro Ota, Robert F. Savinell

Manganese Oxides

  • Naoaki Yabuuchi
  • Masataka Tomita
  • Komaba Shinichi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6996-5_510

Introduction

Electrochemical power sources, rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors (or electrical double-layer capacitor, EDLC), are attractive in the wide range of applications, such as mobile electrical devices, hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), and smart grid. In the past century, considerable research efforts have been done to study the manganese oxides as the electrode materials for the power sources. Crystallization processes of the manganese oxides are highly influenced by many factors, e.g., intergrowth of different structural units, cations’ incorporation to the vacant sites, and structural water, leading to the complexity of the crystal structures. Typically, the manganese oxides constituted from mainly tetravalent manganese ions are simply denoted as “manganese dioxides (MnO 2).” The manganese dioxides are widely utilized as a positive electrode with a zinc negative electrode, i.e., carbon-zinc cells (dry cells) and alkaline cells. Electrolytic manganese dioxide (γ-type MnO 2...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naoaki Yabuuchi
    • 1
  • Masataka Tomita
    • 1
  • Komaba Shinichi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied ChemistryTokyo University of ScienceShinjuku, TokyoJapan