Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerhard Kreysa, Ken-ichiro Ota, Robert F. Savinell

Lithium Primary Cells, Liquid Cathodes

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6996-5_379

Introduction

Lithium has been recognized to be attractive as an anode material for nearly a century. There is an apocryphal story that a vial of lithium metal was found on the desk of Thomas A. Edison at the time of his death in 1931. Lithium metal possesses the following characteristics which are desirable for battery use:
  1. 1.

    High negative electrode potential which provides high-voltage cells.

     
  2. 2.

    High specific energy and energy density which allows the construction of primary cells that are two to five times better than conventional alkaline cells from an energy standpoint.

     
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    Wide range of operating temperatures. Operation from +70 to −40 °C is typical and operation from +150 to −80 °C is possible with some systems.

     
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    High-power output. Lithium systems are capable of high-power output using spiral-wound electrodes or other high-surface-area designs.

     
  5. 5.

    Flat discharge curve. Lithium primary cells with soluble cathode reactants typically show a flat discharge curve which...

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References

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    Reddy TB (2011) Lithium Primary Batteries. In: Reddy TB (ed) Linden’s handbook of batteries, 4th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, Chapter 14Google Scholar
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    Mathews M (2000) Proceedings of the 39th power sources conference, Cherry Hill, NJ, pp 77–80Google Scholar
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    Sink M (1998) Proceedings of the 38th power sources conference, Cherry Hill, NJ, pp 187–190Google Scholar
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    Tadiran Batteries, Port Washington, NY 11050 USAGoogle Scholar
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    SAFT Batteries, Cockeysville, MD, USAGoogle Scholar
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    Electrochem Solutions Div., Greatbatch, Inc., Raynham, MA, USAGoogle Scholar
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    Spillman DM, Takeuchi ES (1998) Proceedings of the 38th power sources conference, Cherry Hill, NJ, pp 199–202Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringRutgers, The State University of New JerseyPiscatawayUSA