Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerhard Kreysa, Ken-ichiro Ota, Robert F. Savinell

Anion-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Oxide-Based Catalysts

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6996-5_205

Introduction

Anion-exchange membrane fuel cells have high potentials as a small-sized power generator with high efficiency. Also there are a lot of choices of materials for the fuel cell as an alkaline-based system [1]. The possibility of the use of non-platinum catalysts brings to lower the cost of fuel cells. It is also possible to produce a chemically rechargeable fuel cells when the electrochemical electrode reactions were reversible. In that case, hydrogen and oxygen evolution activities should be also required to both electrodes. As for the oxygen electrode, it means the use of “bifunctional” oxygen electrocatalyst. Here the electrode catalysts made by oxides would be introduced, and some bifunctional activities of oxide are also shown in this chapter.

Oxygen Electrocatalyst Classification

Catalysts for anion-exchange membrane fuel cells are for the use in the alkaline medium. Thus, much more materials could be applicable as catalysts than those for polymer electrolyte fuel...

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References

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    Linden D (ed) (1984) Hand book of batteries and fuel cells. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
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    Barsukov IV et al (2006) New carbon based materials for electrochemical energy storage systems: batteries, supercapacitors and fuel cells, vol 229, NATO science series II. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
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    Neburchilov V, Wang H, Martin JJ, Qu W (2010) A review on air cathodes for zinc-air fuel cells. J Power Sources 195:1271Google Scholar
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    Miura N, Shimizu Y, Yamazoe N, Seiyama T (1985) Kinetics of cathodic oxygen reduction on lanthanum-based perovskite-type oxides. Nippon Kagaku Kaishi 1985(4):644Google Scholar
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    Shimizu Y, Uemura K, Matsuda H, Miura N, Yamazoe N (1990) Bi-functional oxygen electrode using large surface area La1−xCaxCaO3 for rechargeable metal-air battery. J Electrochem Soc 137(11):3430Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of EngineeringKyushu Institute of TechnologyKitakyushu, FukuokaJapan