Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerhard Kreysa, Ken-ichiro Ota, Robert F. Savinell

Lead Acid Batteries

  • Yoshiaki YamaguchiEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6996-5_144


Lead acid battery was invented in 1859 by Gaston Plante, and has been widely used throughout the world for more than 150 years [1]. At present, all automobiles are equipped with one or more lead-acid battery. As for industrial application, lead-acid batteries have served as a backup for telecommunication system, office, and medical emergency power supply equipment [2]. Those are also used as traction battery for the electric forklifts [3]. In addition, those are used for electric moped in China and Asian area in recent years. In such ways, lead-acid batteries have become an inseparable device for our life.

Here is brief explanation of lead-acid battery principle and its structure, features of those for each usage, and recent market and development trend.

Principle and Features of Lead-Acid Battery

The reaction principle of lead-acid battery remains unchanged for over 150 years from the invention.

As shown in reaction formula for the discharging of battery, at the negative...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.
    Tatsuo Nagayasu, Toshiki Yoshioka (2007) History and future on technology development from environmental aspect for lead-acid battery. GS Yuasa Tech Rpt 4(1):9–13Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Masayuki Maeda, Takuji Nakamura, Kazuya Akamatsu, Shuichi Manya, Tatsuo Nagayasu (2006) Front terminal type of valve regulated lead-acid battery “PWL12V125FS” for telecommunication applications. GS Yuasa Tech Rpt 3(2):29–33Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yoshitsugu Ishikura, Tomoyuki Enomoto, Tatsuo Nagayasu (2008) Development of lead-acid traction battery with new connecting structure conformable to DIN standard. GS Yuasa Tech Rpt 5(1):16–20Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shigeharu Osumi, Masaaki Shiomi (2008) Recent technological developments of lead-acid batteries. GS Yuasa Tech Rpt 5(1):8–15Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Taisuke Takeuchi, Ken Sawai, Takuji Matsumura, Tomohiro Imamura, Shinji Ishimoto, Shigeharu Osumi (2007) Improvement in fuel efficiency of vehicle equipped with new automotive lead-acid battery of higher charge acceptance. GS Yuasa Tech Rpt 4(1):22–27Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hidetoshi Wada, Masaaki Hosokawa, Takao Ohmae (2012) Technical transition of lead-acid battery for idling stop vehicles. GS Yuasa Tech Rpt 9(2):16–23Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yuki Arai, Kohei Fujita, Yuichi Okada, Tetsuo Takama, Shigeharu Osumi (2011) Influence of metal ions in electrolyte on regenerative charge acceptance of lead-acid battery. GS Yuasa Tech Rpt 8(2):22–28Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technical Development Division, Global Technical HeadquartersGS Yuasa International Ltd.KyotoJapan