Encyclopedic Dictionary of Polymers

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jan W. Gooch


  • Jan W. Gooch
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6247-8_6989

The progressive, irreversible increase in consistency of a pigment-vehicle combination. Livering in the majority of cases arises from a chemical reaction of the vehicle and the solid dispersed material, but it may also result from polymerization of the vehicle.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan W. Gooch
    • 1
  1. 1.AtlantaUSA