Encyclopedic Dictionary of Polymers

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jan W. Gooch

Benzene

  • Jan W. Gooch
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6247-8_1206

\ben-zēn, ben-\ n [ISV benz- + -ene] (ca. 1872) (benzol, phene) C6H6. The compound and building block of all aromatic organic chemistry. It took almost a century of investigation after its discovery by Faraday in 1823 to establish the structure of this extraordinarily stable ring: its system of resonant, alternating single and double bonds. Benzene is a solvent and intermediate in the production of phenolics, epoxies, STYRENE, and nylon. Hydrogenation of benzene yields cyclohexane, a solvent and raw material for preparing adipic acid, from which nylon is derived. As a solvent, benzene will dissolve ethyl cellulose, polyvinyl acetate, polymethyl methacrylate, polystyrene, coumarone-indene resins, and certain alkyds. Benzene is toxic and has been declared to be a carcinogen, so it requires very careful handling. Pure benzene has a bp of 80°C and a mp of 5.5°C. Its flp is below normal air temperature and its vapor pressure is about 118 mmHg at 30°C. (Wypych G (ed) (2001) Handbook of...

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan W. Gooch
    • 1
  1. 1.AtlantaUSA