Encyclopedic Dictionary of Polymers

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jan W. Gooch

Reversible Addition−Fragmentation Chain Transfer Polymerization

  • Jan W. Gooch
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6247-8_10007

nReversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer polymerization or RAFT polymerization agent (Odian, 2004) is one kind of controlled radical polymerizations. The RAFT agent can be considered a “catalytic” polymerization agent because an additional free radical initiator must be used in conjunction with a RAFT agent. RAFT was discovered by the CSIRO in 1998. CSIRO is the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization is the national government body for scientific research in Australia. The RAFT agent, catalysis a relatively new method for the synthesis of living radical polymers that may be more versatile than atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) or Nitroxide-Mediated Polymerization|nitroxide-mediated polymerization (NMP). RAFT polymerization uses thiocarbonylthio compounds, such as dithioesters, dithiocarbamates, trithiocarbonates, and xanthates in order to mediate the polymerization via a reversible chain-transfer process. With respect to its exceptional...

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan W. Gooch
    • 1
  1. 1.AtlantaUSA