Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Ethical Issues in Research with Immigrants and Refugees

  • Sana Loue
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_8


Migration has been construed as:

The physical transition of an individual or a group from one society to another. This transition usually involves abandoning one social setting and entering a different one (Eisenstadt, 1955, p. 1)

A relatively permanent moving away of … migrants, from one geographical location to another, preceded by decision-making on the part of the migrants on the basis of a hierarchically ordered set of values or valued ends and resulting in changes in the interactional set of migrants (Mangalam, 1968, p. 8)

A permanent or semipermanent change of residence (Lee, 1966, p. 49)

The process of social change whereby an individual moves from one cultural setting to another for the purpose of settling down either permanently or for a prolonged period (Bhugra & Jones, 2001, p. 216).

These varied constructions indicate that the concept of migration encompasses both movement within and across national borders. This includes both internal migrants, such as...

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sana Loue
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and BiostatisticsCase Western Reserve University School of MedicineClevelandUSA