In the social sciences, resilience is commonly used to describe a person or community’s ability to withstand and rebound from adversity. Resilience is a complex idea, and so when people measure it, they tend to measure factors that describe the adversity in question (abuse, violence, war, torture, migration, etc.), and then to use markers that describe success. For example, much of the early research on resilience focused on academic achievement in school children, and what the differences were that allowed some young people who had faced significant challenges to do well in school, while other young people that had similar experiences struggled in school. Research on resilience in adults often focuses on mental health status after difficult events, and measures things like depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other mental health concerns.
Many studies on resilience tend to focus on which factors grouped together among those people that were successful by the markers...
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