Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Reproductive Health

  • Margaret D. Larkins-Pettigrew
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_655

Reproductive health has diverse definitions for women from various parts of the world and poses several challenges for practitioners. Reproductive health encompasses reproductive choice, sexuality, birth control, infertility, pregnancy loss, and general gynecologic health.

A discussion of reproductive health cannot be discussed without understanding the political and societal norms that dictate the level of importance or significance of women in a given society. These norms are an integral part of each woman’s self-worth and may influence choices made that promote or inhibit optimal health.

Societal status often predicts what the role of the women often plays in a society. Age, sexual activity, and marriage in many communities are customs as well as rites of passage. Expectations of family and community often dictate when childbirth should occur in the lives of women who are often children themselves. It is interesting to monitor the change in gender equality and equity in developing...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Afable-Munsuz, A., & Braveman, P. (2008). Pregnancy intention and preterm birth: Differential associations among a diverse population of women. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 40(2), 66–73.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Berggren, V., Bergstrom, S., & Edberg, A. K. (2006). Being different and vulnerable: Experiences of immigrant African women who have been circumcised and sought maternity care in Sweden. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 17(1), 50–57.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bravel, J. (2001). Family control, bridal pregnancy, and illegitimacy. Social Science History, 25(3), 449–479.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Helstrom, L., Zatterstrom, C., & Odlind, V. (2006). Abortion rate and contraceptive practices in immigrant and Swedish adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Gynecology, 19(3), 209–213.Google Scholar
  5. Johansen, R. E. (2006). Care of infibulated women giving birth in Norway: An anthropological analysis of health worker’ management of a medically and culturally unfamiliar issue. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 20(4), 516–544.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Litorp, H., Frank, M., & Almroth, L. (2008). Female genital mutilation among antenatal care and contraceptive advice attendees in Sweden. Acta Obstetrics et Gynecology Scandanavica, 87(7), 716–722.Google Scholar
  7. Rasch, V., Knudsen, L. B., Gammeltoft, T., Christensen, J. T., Erenbjerg, M., Christensen, J. J. P., & Sorensen, J. B. (2007). Contraceptive attitudes and contraceptive failure among women requesting induced abortion in Denmark. Human Reproduction, 22(5), 1320–1326.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Rodriquez, M. I., Edelman, A., Wallace, N., & Jensen, J. T. (2008). Denying postpartum sterilization to women with emergency Medicaid does not reduce hospital charges. Contraception, 78(3), 232–236.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret D. Larkins-Pettigrew
    • 1
  1. 1.University Hospitals MacDonald Women’s HospitalClevelandUSA