Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Asylum

  • Domniţa Oana Bădărău
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_599

Globalization is one of the most significant factors that favors the phenomena of migration, along with the deepening disparities between countries. Migration is most commonly caused by poor economic and social conditions that pressure people to look for employment or a better education outside their native country. Following family or reuniting with family members also serve as the impetus for people to leave their home country. However, the most decisive factors that force people to migrate are the need to escape from a conflict zone, to avoid war, and to flee from persecution. A civil war, rebellion, or any kind of violence that continues over a long period of time or is directed towards specific targets, such as minorities or political opponents, presents such a high degree of risk that people from that country or habitual residents decide to go outside that territory. These persons may be persecuted because of their religion, political opinion or affiliation, sex, race,...

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Suggested Readings

  1. DeLaet, D. L. (2000). U.S. immigration policy in an age of rights. Westport: Praeger.Google Scholar
  2. Dummett, M. (2001). On immigration and refugees: Thinking in action. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Guiraudon, V., & Joppke, C. (Eds.). (2001). Controlling a new migration world. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Jetsam, K., & Sough, T. H. (2005). Report on asylum seekers in expedited removal: Volume II: Experts reports, study on asylum seekers in expedited removal. Berkeley: University of California.Google Scholar
  5. Kenney, D. N., & Schrag, P. G. (2008). Asylum denied: A refugee’s struggle for safety in America. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  6. US Government Accountablity Office. (2008). U.S . asylum system, significant variation existing in asylum outcomes across immigration courts and judges. Report to Congressional Requesters, United States Government Accountability Office, GAO-08-940, September.Google Scholar
  7. U.S. Government Printing Office. (2009). The “Material Support” Bar: Denying refuge to the persecuted. Hearing before the subcommittee on the human rights and law of the committee on the judiciary United States senate, 110th Cong., 1st Sess., September 19, 2007, Serial No. J-110-56, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Convention and Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, Text of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, Text of the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, Resolution 2198 (XXI) Adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, United Nations Refugee Agency, retrieved from http://www.unhcr.org/protect/PROTECTION/3b66c2aa10.pdf
  2. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Retrieved from http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm
  3. Persaud, S. (2006). Protecting refugees and asylum seekers under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Right. Research Paper No. 132, PDES Working Papers, The U.N. Refugee Agency, Policy Development and Evaluation Service, 1 November.Google Scholar
  4. Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Retrieved from http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/protocolrefugees.htm
  5. US Government Accountability Office. (2008). U.S. asylum system, agencies have taken actions to help ensure quality in the asylum adjudication process, but challenges remain. Report to Congressional Requesters, United States Government Accountability Office, GAO-08-935, September. http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d08935.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Domniţa Oana Bădărău
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BioethicsCase Western Reserve University School of MedicineClevelandUSA