Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Mood Disorders

  • Kristin L. Hicks
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_521

Mood disorders are a group of psychiatric disorders in which the primary symptom is disturbance of mood, which may be defined as one's sustained emotional state. The disturbance must be severe enough to cause subjective distress and usually results in impaired social, interpersonal, and occupational functioning. Mood disorders are classified in both the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) and the World Health Organization’s International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). Though it is widely accepted that mood disorders are a cross-cultural phenomenon, the experience and expression of mood disturbance vary widely across cultures.

There are two general categories of mood disorders. Depressive disorders are characterized by episodic or chronic low mood, while bipolar disorders involve periods of abnormally elevated, expansive, or irritable mood. According to the World Health Organization, depression is the...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Al-Issa, I., & Tousignant, M. (1997). Ethnicity, immigration, and psychopathology. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  3. Breslau, J., Borges, G., Hagar, Y., Tancredi, D., & Gilman, S. (2009). Immigration to the USA and risk for mood and anxiety disorders: Variation by origin and age at immigration. Psychological Medicine. 39, 1117–1127.Google Scholar
  4. Castillo, R. (1997). Culture and mental illness: A client-centered approach. Pacific Grove: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  5. Kaplan, H. I., & Sadock, B. J. (2009). Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. National Alliance on Mental Illness. http://www.nami.org
  2. World Health Organization. Health topics: Mental disorders. http://www.who.int/topics/mental_disorders/en/

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristin L. Hicks
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryMount Carmel Health ProvidersColumbusUSA