The conceptualization of the term “Asian American” is a fairly recent development due in part to the 1965 Immigration Reform Act. As a social construct, this term attempts to categorize people from East and Southeast Asia. Accordingly, six groups (Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese) in the USA make up about 90% of all Asian Americans. The attempt to create a collectivity based on assumed commonalities often masks the actual differences in languages, cultures, histories, etc., and thus the immigrants’ modes of incorporation and associated outcomes. For example, although about one out of three Asian Americans was native-born, Japanese Americans have the highest proportions of native-born persons (58%) while Koreans have the lowest (24%) among the Asian subgroups. A general trend among the Asian American literature is the paucity of data that look at individual Asian American groups and what each group looks like over time.
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