Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Mixed Methods

  • Katherine K. Bedard
  • Amy Kerivan Marks
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_519

Mixed methods research can be defined as the intentional combination of qualitative and quantitative methods within research. Qualitative research aims to gather an in-depth understanding of human experience and investigate whypeople have the attitudes, behaviors, values, and motivations that they do through a nonnumeric analysis of the world. Qualitative research mainly utilizes words, such as observations, interviews, and focus groups, to understand the contexts in which events occur. Conversely, quantitative research aims to gather a breadth of knowledge about a specific topic in a controlled context that can be generalized to the larger community. Quantitative researchers utilize questionnaires, surveys, physiological measures, and other standardized assessments that can be analyzed using numbers and advanced statistical techniques. These differing approaches to research are thought by many to be incompatible due to differences in their techniques, goals, scientific rigor, and...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Corona, R., Gonzalez, T., Cohen, R., Edwards, C., & Edmonds, T. (2009). Richmond Latino needs assessment: A community–university partnership to identify health concerns and service needs for Latino youth. Journal of Community Health, 34, 195–201.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Greene, J., & Caracelli, V. (1997). Advances in mixed methods evaluation: The challenge and benefits of integrating diverse paradigms. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  3. Sirin, S. R., Bikmen, N., Mir, M., Fine, M., Zaal, M., & Katsiaficas, D. (2008). Exploring dual identification among Muslim-American emerging adults: A mixed methods study. Journal of Adolescence, 31, 259–279.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Weisner, T. S. (2005). Discovering successful pathways in children’s development: Mixed methods in the study of childhood and family life. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  5. Yoshikawa, H., Weisner, T. S., Kalil, A., & Way, N. (2008). Mixing qualitative and quantitative research in developmental science: Uses and methodological choices. Developmental Psychology, 44(2), 344–354.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. The link below provides a detailed introduction to mixed methods research by the National Science Foundation, including key concepts, major differences between qualitative and quantitative techniques, and why you might use a mixed methods approach. Other helpful resources are also included within this link. http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/1997/nsf97153/chap_1.htm

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine K. Bedard
    • 1
  • Amy Kerivan Marks
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologySuffolk UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologySuffolk UniversityBostonUSA