Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Migrant Day Laborers

  • Il-Ho Kim
  • Carles Muntaner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_511

With the decline of the formal economy, especially since the 2008–2010 global economic crisis in the competitive global labor market, the health risks engendered by the rapid growth in migrant day labor have become a central occupational health problem. Migrant day labor can be defined as a type of work in the informal sector that holds no guarantee of future work and employs mainly recently arrived immigrants. In the search for better jobs and higher wages, immigrant workers have traditionally migrated from poor to rich countries primarily in Europe, Asia, and North America. During the past three decades, immigrants have filled day labor work positions and particularly migrant day laborers have constituted a large portion of their host country economy as agricultural, construction, manufacturing, and domestic-service workers. They create jobs and greatly boost the economy by producing cheap farm products and home goods. Nonetheless, migrant day laborers suffer from very low wages and...

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Suggested Resources

  1. European Commission (2009) Size and development of irregular migration to the EU CLANDESTINO Research Project: Comparative policy brief-size of irregular migration. European Commission. Retrieved February 28, 2010, from http://irregular-migration.hwwi.net/typo3_upload/groups/31/4.Background_Information/4.2.Policy_Briefs_EN/ComparativePolicyBrief_SizeOfIrregularMigration_Clandestino_ Nov09_2.pdf
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  3. Valenzuela, A., Theodore, N., Melendez, E., & Gonzalez, A. L. (2006). On the corner: Day labor in the United States (pp. 1–39). Los Angeles: Center for the Study of Urban Poverty. Retrieved February 22, 2010, from http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/issr/csup/uploaded_files/Natl_DayLabor-On_the_Corner1.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Il-Ho Kim
    • 1
  • Carles Muntaner
    • 2
  1. 1.Social Aetiology of Mental Illness (SAMI) CIHR Training ProgramCentre for Addition and Mental HealthTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing and Dalla Lana School of Public HealthUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada