Traditional midwives (TMs) or traditional birth attendants (TBAs) exist in most societies. Often, TMs are members of the local community and share culture and traditions with others. They also have high social standing and considerable influence on health practices of local people. More importantly, they play a vital role in pregnancy and birth in many societies. Newar women in Nepal, for example, give birth with the assistance of aji, a grandmother in local term, who can be an experienced older relative or a neighbor. For each family, there is a strong relationship between the family and a particular aji, who can be called upon whenever the birth takes place.
Lefeber and Voorhoever suggest that a TM does not just only deliver babies. Rather, she is familiar with the woman and her family. She also shares cultural ideas about the birth and the preparation of the birth with the woman. TM is knowledgeable about the traditional medicines and rituals which are required before, during, and...
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