Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic


  • Julio Guerrero
  • Ranjita Misra
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_507


The United Mexican States, more commonly known as Mexico, is a federal republic located in North America. It is bordered by the United States of America to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, Guatemala and Belize to the southeast, and the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico to the east. In total, its land mass covers 761,600 square miles (1,972,550 km2), making it the third largest country in North America behind Canada and the USA, and the third largest Latin American county behind Brazil and Argentina. Mexico is divided into 31 states and a federal district.

Mexico gained independence from Spain on August 24, 1821, after being ruled by the Viceroyalty of New Spain for nearly 300 years. However, independence was first declared on September 16, 1810, which serves as Mexico’s Independence Day and one of the most celebrated patriotic events in the country. In 1521, Spanish explorer Hernan Cortez landed on the Mexican shores in search of wealth and eventually...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Alisky, M. (2008). Historical dictionary of Mexico (2nd ed.). Lanham: Scarecrow Press.Google Scholar
  2. Coerver, D. M., Pasztor, S. B., & Buffington, R. M. (2004). Mexico: An encyclopedia of contemporary culture and history. Denver: ABCCLIO.Google Scholar
  3. Dent, D. W. (2002). Encyclopedia of modern Mexico. Lanham: Scarecrow Press.Google Scholar
  4. Foster, L. V. (2007). A brief history of Mexico. New York: Facts on File.Google Scholar
  5. Haber, S., Klein, H. S., Maurer, N., & Middlebrook, K. J. (2008). Mexico since 1980. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Kirkwood, B. (2010). The history of Mexico (2nd ed.). Denver: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  7. Sanna, E. (2003). Mexico: Facts and figures. Philadelphia: Mason Crest.Google Scholar
  8. Suchlicki, J. (2008). Mexico: From Montezuma to the rise of the PAN. Washington, DC: Potomic Books.Google Scholar
  9. Standish, P. (2009). The states of Mexico: A reference guide to history and culture. Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Mexico. (2010). In CIA world factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html
  2. Mexico. (2008). In The Columbia encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Mexico_(country).aspx
  3. Mexico. (2010). In Encyclopedia Britannica online. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/379167/Mexico
  4. Mexico. (2009). In The encyclopedia of Earth. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/article/Mexico
  5. Mexico. (2010). In The Hutchinson encyclopedia online. Retrieved from http://encyclopedia.farlex.com/Mexico
  6. Mexico. (2010). In United States Department of State. Retrieved from http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35749.htm

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julio Guerrero
    • 1
  • Ranjita Misra
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Health & KinesiologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Center for the Study of Health Disparities (CSHD), Department of Health & Kinesiology, Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA