Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic


  • Beth E. Quill
  • Jennifer Durand
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_498

Medicare is a federal health insurance program administered by the US government. Signed into law on July 30, 1965 as Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, Medicare is the major health insurance for those over 65 years of age who are covered by the Social Security system, regardless of income. Amendments to the Social Security Act in 1972 extended the benefits to those who do not meet the criteria for the regular Social Security Program, but who are willing to pay a premium for coverage. In 1973 a further amendment extended benefits to those entitled to Social Security disability benefits or those who suffer from chronic renal disease requiring a kidney transplant or routine dialysis. Many beneficiaries who qualify for Medicare also receive Medicaid. In 2008, the Medicare program had 45 million enrollees, and that number is expected to grow to 78 million by 2030, making the program a major national healthcare expenditure. Citizenship and payment into the Social Security System...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Suggested Readings

  1. Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (2008). Medicare and you. Washington, DC: USDHHS.Google Scholar
  2. Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (2009). 2009 Medicare trustees report. Washington, DC: USHHS.Google Scholar
  3. Commonwealth Fund. (2002). Counting on medicare: Perspectives and concerns of Americans ages 50–70. New York: Commonwealth Fund.Google Scholar
  4. Commonwealth Fund. (2005). Quality of health care for medicare beneficiaries: A chartbook. New York: Commonwealth Fund.Google Scholar
  5. Kovner, A. R. (1990). Health care delivery in the United States. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  6. National Center for Health Statistics. (2009). Health United States, 2009 (with special focus on medical technology). Hyattsville: USDHHS.Google Scholar
  7. Raffel, M. W., & Raffel, N. K. (1994). The U.S. health care system: Origins and functions. Albany: Delmar.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Henry, J. Kaiser Family Foundation. (2009). Update on medicare spending and financing and highlights from the 2009 medical trustees report. Melon Park: Henry J. Kaiser Foundation. http://www.kff.org/medicare/upload/7905.pdf. Accessed March 21, 2010.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beth E. Quill
    • 1
  • Jennifer Durand
    • 2
  1. 1.Children's Defense Fund - TexasBellaireUSA
  2. 2.School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonUSA