Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Medical Examination (for Immigration)

  • John Welshman
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_494

Medical examinations for migrants, asylum seekers, and other entrants are currently high on political and public health agendas in many countries around the world. In the USA, for example, the Secretary of Health and Human Services frames regulations under the Immigration and Nationality Act, and the Public Health Service Act, for the medical examination of migrants seeking admission to the USA. The Division of Global Migration and Quarantine provides the Department of State and the US Citizenship and Immigration Services with medical screening guidelines for all examining doctors. A medical examination is compulsory for all refugees going to the USA, all applicants applying for an immigrant visa, and for aliens applying to become permanent residents. Outside the USA, medical examinations are performed by around 400 selected doctors. Health-related grounds for ineligibility for visas or admission include communicable diseases, absence of documentation of vaccination, physical or...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Bashford, A. (2002). At the border: Contagion, immigration, nation. Australian Historical Studies, 33, 344–357.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Coker, R. (2004). Compulsory screening of immigrants for tuberculosis and HIV: Is not based on adequate evidence and has practical and ethical problems. British Medical Journal, 328, 298–300.PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Fairchild, A. L. (2003). Science at the borders: Immigrant medical inspection and the shaping of the modern industrial labor force. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Kraut, A. M. (1994). Silent travelers: Germs, genes and the ‘immigrant menace’. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  5. Welshman, J. (2006). Compulsion, localism, and pragmatism: The micro-politics of tuberculosis screening in the United Kingdom, 1950–1965. Social History of Medicine, 19, 295–312.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 30, 2011, from http://www.cdc.gov/immigrantrefugeehealth/exams/medical-examination.html

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Welshman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HistoryLancaster UniversityLancasterUK