Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic


  • Beth E. Quill
  • Jennifer Durand
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_493

Established in 1965 through Title XIX of the Social Security Act, Medicaid was developed to help finance health care for low-income persons; this federal-state program helps individuals with little or no medical insurance by paying for part or all of their health care. In 2009, approximately 47 million people received services through this program. People who are eligible for Medicaid fall into one of two groups: the “categorically” and “medically” needy.Categorically needy individuals are those receiving aid because they are aged, blind, or disabled. Those who are medically needy have enough money to live on, but cannot afford to pay for medical care. In general, eligibility requirements include US citizens or permanent residents, people 65 years old or older, low-income children under the age of 19, all children under 6 years of age, and pregnant women with incomes up to 133% of the federal poverty level.

Medicaid is a joint program between the states and federal government, in which...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Suggested Readings

  1. (2003). Medicaid comes of age. Health Affairs, 22(1), 7–277.Google Scholar
  2. Dubard, C. A., & Massing, M. W. (2007). Trends in emergency medicaid expenditures for recent and undocumented immigrants. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 297(10), 1085–1092.Google Scholar
  3. Kovner, A. R. (1990). Health care delivery in the United States. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  4. Raffel, M. W., & Raffel, N. K. (1994). The U.S. health care system: Origins and functions. Albany: Delmar.Google Scholar
  5. Rowland, D. (2005). Medicaid: Health care on the front lines. New York: The Commonwealth Fund.Google Scholar
  6. Weil, A. (March 2006). Can medicaid do more with less? New York: The Commonwealth Fund.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Medicaid. Washington, DC: USDHHS. http://www.cms.hhs.gov/medicaideleigibility/02_areyoueleigible_.asp. Accessed March 21, 2010.
  2. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. (2010). Medicaid/CHIP. Melon, Park CA: Kaiser Family Foundation. http://www.kff.org/medicaid/index.cfm. Accessed March 21, 2010.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beth E. Quill
    • 1
  • Jennifer Durand
    • 2
  1. 1.Children's Defense Fund - TexasBellaireUSA
  2. 2.School of Public HealthUniversity of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonUSA