Established in 1965 through Title XIX of the Social Security Act, Medicaid was developed to help finance health care for low-income persons; this federal-state program helps individuals with little or no medical insurance by paying for part or all of their health care. In 2009, approximately 47 million people received services through this program. People who are eligible for Medicaid fall into one of two groups: the “categorically” and “medically” needy.Categorically needy individuals are those receiving aid because they are aged, blind, or disabled. Those who are medically needy have enough money to live on, but cannot afford to pay for medical care. In general, eligibility requirements include US citizens or permanent residents, people 65 years old or older, low-income children under the age of 19, all children under 6 years of age, and pregnant women with incomes up to 133% of the federal poverty level.
Medicaid is a joint program between the states and federal government, in which...
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