Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic


  • Amy N. Sharpton
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_49


In the sixteenth century, Spanish explorers visited the region that is now Argentina; in 1580, they established a permanent colony in what is now Buenos Aires. In 1776, Spain created the Vice-Royalty of Río de la Plata, and Argentina became a flourishing port and an integral part of the Empire. In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay vacated the region, and the area that remained became Argentina. Argentina’s population and culture were influenced greatly by European immigrants, particularly those from Italy and Spain. Combined, from 1860 to 1930, they provided the largest percentage of immigrants to the young country.


Argentina is the second largest country in Latin America, its 2,780,400 sq. km occupies most of the southern part of the South American continent. It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the east and south; its neighbors are Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast and east,...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Gwynne, R. N. (2004). Latin America transformed: globalization and modernity. London: Hodder Education.Google Scholar
  2. Romero, L. A. (2002). A history of Argentina in the twentieth century. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Central Intelligence Agency. For information on Argentina from the Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html
  2. World Health Organization. For information on Argentina from the World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/countries/arg/en/

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy N. Sharpton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterans AffairsLouis Stokes DVA Medical Center ClevelandBrecksvilleUSA