Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Maternal Employment

  • Margaret D. Larkins-Pettigrew
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_489

Employment of expectant mothers who have uncomplicated pregnancies is a reasonable expectation especially if she has other children that must be cared for. Many immigrants find themselves in economically challenged positions and work is necessary for day to day survival. Women who are not expecting a child fare better when attempting to find employment but may often have to settle for low-paying domestic jobs.

Legal challenges are the limiting factors in the United States, but these challenges may not exist in other countries. US employers are bound by the Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1990 to employ qualified workers in a safe environment. They may also be penalized for hiring undocumented workers and may be subjected to fines and/or incarceration.

Immigrants must meet legal requirements to work and/or receive medical care. For example, in the United States individuals who enter as nonimmigrants, meaning that they are not going to remain in the United States permanently and...

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Suggested Resources

  1. Cuello, L.D. (2008). Health care for immigrants: a manual for advocates. Pennsylvania Health Law Project (pp. 15–16). http://www.phlp.org/Website/Immigrants/Immigrant%20Health%20Care%20Manual%20For%20Advocates.pdf
  2. Trupin, S.R. Common pregnancy complaints and questions, Updated: Feb 24, 2010. Retrieved from emedicine.medscape.com/article/259724-overview

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret D. Larkins-Pettigrew
    • 1
  1. 1.University Hospitals MacDonald Women’s HospitalClevelandUSA