A dynamic range of practices, shaped by an aggregate of factors, most important of which are government migration laws and policy, labor market conditions and the politics of otherness in the host society. The marginalization sustained by migrant workers potentially embraces all aspects of their lives. Marginalization is enacted by classifying, sorting, and regrouping migrant workers through two simultaneous and interrelated practices of bureaucratic categorization and socio-geographic segregation.
Migrant or foreign workers are divided into sharply defined bureaucratic categories of legal workers and illegal aliens. These categories are constructed and reified by host government migration laws and policies. Legality and illegality are juridical statuses in relation to the host state. The boundaries of these statuses determine the ease with which the migrant worker moves between the two, as well as limit his/her socioeconomic mobility. Foreign workers become...
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