Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic


  • Griselda Chapa
  • Antonio P. Linares
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_480

Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women worldwide. In low- and middle-income countries (LMC), also referred to as underdeveloped and developing countries, the incidence of breast cancer has increased in the past few decades. This has been associated with risk factors linked to the Westernization of dietary patterns as well as changes in physical activity. Also, infectious disease, which was responsible for a large portion of deaths in lower resource countries, has declined. People who would have died from infectious disease are growing older and age is a well-documented risk for breast cancer. Recent global efforts to promote breast cancer detection identify more cases; newer data collection systems, such as cancer registries and atlases, are better equipped to record breast cancer events. Thus, the coupling of reduced death from competing risk with improved screening and recording systems has contributed to increased breast cancer rates globally.


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Suggested Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Griselda Chapa
    • 1
  • Antonio P. Linares
    • 2
  1. 1.Tulane UniversityNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Anthem Comprehensive Health SolutionsAnthem Comprehensive Health SolutionsWalnut CreekUSA