Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic


  • Douglas W. MacPherson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_477

Immigrants are also distinguishable from other mobile populations by several characteristics that determine health and disease outcomes. One of these characteristics is directly related to the process of migration and the source and transition countries through which they have moved prior to arrival at their destination. For diseases like malaria that have a defined geophysical limit to the areas of endemic transmission and biological limitations on their incubation periods, the impact of this disease on incoming immigrants is both predictable and inevitable. There are four species of human malaria: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium malariae all of which are transmitted by the bite of a mosquito. Blood transfusion, shared equipment during intravenous drug use, and maternal-to-child transmission of malaria occur very rarely.

Of the 108 countries with endemic malaria, only 31 are considered “high impact” countries, most of which are in sub-Saharan...

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The opinions expressed in this entry are the author’s alone and do not necessarily represent the position of any institution, agency, or society that the author is associated with, currently or in the past.

Suggested Readings

  1. Gautret, P., Schlagenhauf, P., Gaudart, J., Castelli, F., Brouqui, P., von Sonnenburg, F., Loutan, L., & Parola, P. for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. (2009). Multicenter EuroTravNet/GeoSentinel study of travel-related infectious diseases in Europe. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 15(11), 1783–1790.PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. MacPherson, D. W., & Gushulak, B. D. (2001). Human mobility and population health. New approaches in a globalizing world. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 44(3), 390–401.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Blystad, H. (2008). Foreign travel-associated infections, Norway 2007. EuroSurveillance, 13(29):pii=18929. Available at: http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=18929. Accessed June 19, 2011.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Malaria cases reported in the United States 2007. http://www.cdc.gov/Features/dsMalariaSurveillance/. Accessed June 19, 2011.
  3. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Malaria: Diagnosis and treatment. http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/diagnosis_treatment/index.html. Accessed June 19, 2011.
  4. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division. (2006). International migration 2006. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/2006Migration_Chart/Migration2006.pdf. Accessed June 19, 2011.
  5. World Health Organization. (2009). World malaria report 2009. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2009/9789241563901_eng.pdf. Accessed June 19, 2011.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas W. MacPherson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathology and Molecular MedicineMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada