Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Anti-Asian Violence

  • Andrew Leong
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_43

The history of Asians in the USA is replete with incidents of anti-Asian violence. This violence ran the gamut of physical assaults from individual perpetrators to mob violence. The violence also was perpetrated by the government on a local, state, or federal basis through officially sanctioned actions, or through inaction by the state, thereby denying Asians of any protection from the law. From the first wave of Chinese arriving in San Francisco in the 1850s to the most recent Indian immigrant coming off any plane in the twenty-first century, Asians, irrespective of their nationality, class status, age, and gender, could be potential victims of anti-Asian violence or bias.

When the Chinese arrived in California following the Gold Rush of 1848, many local city, state, and federal laws were enacted and implemented against them since they were seen as economic competitors. However, these laws were preceded by anti-Chinese hysteria and direct physical violence. The infamous 1854 case of Pe...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Daniels, R. (1988). Asian America: Chinese and Japanese in the United States since 1850. Seattle: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
  2. Sandmeyer, E. C. (1973). The anti-Chinese movement in California. Chicago: University of Illinois Press. Original work published in 1939.Google Scholar
  3. Takaki, R. (1989). Strangers from a different shore: A history of Asian Americans. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.Google Scholar
  4. U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. (1992). Civil rights issues facing Asian Americans in the 1990s (1992-619-508/41376). Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Leong
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Public and Community ServiceUniversity of Massachusetts/BostonBostonUSA