Anger is an intense emotion typically experienced in relation to feelings of displeasure or antagonism. It can be induced by a real or supposed injury or insult to one’s self or others, or by the intent to do such injury. It is a common human emotion. It has been experienced by almost every person throughout human history. It is recognizable in infants and emerges at a predictable stage of their early development irrespective of culture or ethnicity. It is described in our oldest oral and written histories and has continued to be referenced in modern media and research.
The ubiquitous and enduring nature of anger as part of the human emotional experience makes it probable that it has served an adaptive function during the course of human evolution. However, anger has more often been viewed as a problematic and negative emotion due to its complex association with extremes of aggressive and violent behavior.
While there has been some disagreement over the intrinsic value of anger by...
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