Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Alcohol Use Disorders

  • Christina M. Delos Reyes
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_32

An estimated 13% of the US adult population was born outside the United States. As they adapt to life in the United States, they may be differentially exposed to substance use norms and social challenges (i.e., language barriers, unfamiliar customs, and discrimination). One of the consequences of adapting to new circumstances may be an increased rate of substance use. Even among those from the same general regions of the world, there is a significant heterogeneity of immigrant populations which highlights the need to study the factors that may contribute to differential substance use rates. A more comprehensive understanding of the variability among racial/ethnic groups will contribute to the identification of at-risk populations that can be targeted for prevention/early intervention programs.

Conceptual Models for Alcohol Use Problems Among Immigrants and Refugees

Several different models have been developed to explain the use of alcohol and other substances by immigrants and...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Alaniz, M. L. (1998). Alcohol availability and targeted advertising in racial/ethnic minority communities. Alcohol Health & Research World, 22(4), 286–289.Google Scholar
  2. Alaniz, M. L. (2002). Migration, acculturation, displacement: Migratory workers and “substance abuse.” Substance Use & Misuse, 37, 1253–1257.Google Scholar
  3. Alderete, E., Vega, W. A., Kolody, B., & Aguilar-Gaxiola, S. (2000). Effects of time in the United States and Indian ethnicity on DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders among Mexican Americans in California. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 188, 90–100.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Amodeo, M., Robb, N., Peou, S., & Tran, H. (1997). Alcohol and other drug problems among southeast Asians: Patterns of use and approaches to assessment and intervention. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 15(3), 63–77.Google Scholar
  5. Brown, J. M., Council, C. L., Penne, M. A., & Gfroerer, J. C. (2005). Immigrants and substance use: Findings from the 1999–2001 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (DHHS Publication No. SMA 04–3909, Analytic Series A-23). Rockville: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies.Google Scholar
  6. Caetano, R., Clark, C. L., & Tam, T. (1999). Alcohol consumption among ethnic minorities: Theory and research. Alcohol Health and Research World, 22, 233–241.Google Scholar
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  8. Marin, G., & Posner, S. F. (1995). The role of gender and acculturation on determining the consumption of alcoholic beverages among Mexican-Americans and Central Americans in the United States. The International Journal of the Addictions, 30, 779–794.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Connecting Across Cultures (CAC) is a project dedicated to understanding the needs and strengths of underserved immigrant and refugee families and children as they adjust to life in the United States. http://cac.hhd.org/. Accessed March 15, 2010.
  2. NIAAA. (2005). NIAAA module 10F: Immigrants, refugees, and alcohol. http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/social/Module10FImmigrants&Refugees/Module10F.html. Accessed March 15, 2010.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina M. Delos Reyes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity Hospitals Case Medical CenterClevelandUSA