Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

AIDS Knowledge

  • Daniel J. O’Shea
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_30

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS, is the deadly late stage of infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, when a person’s immune system is severely damaged and has difficulty in fighting diseases and certain cancers. There is no cure for HIV disease, despite major advances in diagnosis and treatment. HIV is a preventable disease, and widespread understanding of transmission routes, associated high-risk behaviors, and how to protect oneself from contracting the virus is critical to control the spread of HIV/AIDS. Lower levels of HIV/AIDS knowledge are associated with a lower likelihood of safer sex or injection practices. Additionally, individuals who are unaware they are infected with HIV are 3.5 times more likely to transmit the virus to others than those who know about their infection; alarmingly, the proportion of people living with HIV who are estimated to be unaware of their status ranges from over 80% in Kenya and Burundi to 67% in China to 21% in the...

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Suggested Readings

  1. Cyr, J., Thompson, D., Gilmore, N., Duchesneau, C., & Ankouad, A. (2006). Optimizing health outcomes in HIV+ refugees from sub-Saharan Africa presenting to urban medical settings [Abstract]. Presented at 16th International Conference on AIDS, Toronto, August 2006.Google Scholar
  2. Fuller, D., & Chamratrithirong, A. (2009). Knowledge of HIV risk factors among immigrants in Thailand. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 11(2), 83–91.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Lazarus, J. V., Himedan, H. M., Østergaard, L. R., & Liljestrand, J. (2006). HIV/AIDS knowledge and condom use among Somali and Sudanese immigrants in Denmark. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 34(1), 92–99.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Sanchez, M. A., Lemp, G. F., Magis-Rodriguez, C., Bravo-Garcia, E., Carter, S., & Ruiz, J. D. (2004). The epidemiology of HIV among Mexican migrants and recent immigrants in California and Mexico. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 37(4), S204–14.Google Scholar

Suggested Resources

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). HIV/AIDS. Atlanta, GA. Retrieved March 5, 2010, from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/
  2. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and World Health Organization (WHO). (2009). AIDS epidemic update 2009. Geneva. Retrieved November 2010, from http://www.unaids.org/en/KnowledgeCentre/HIVData/EpiUpdate/EpiUpdArchive/2009/default.asp
  3. National Center for Farmworker Health, Inc. (2009). HIV/AIDS farmworker fact sheet. Buda, Texas. Retrieved 2009, from http://www.ncfh.org/docs/fs-HIV_AIDS.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel J. O’Shea
    • 1
  1. 1.HIV, STD and Hepatitis BranchPublic Health Services, County of San DiegoSan DiegoUSA