Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health

2012 Edition
| Editors: Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Alternative and Complementary Medicine

  • Brenda L. Lovell
  • Jamileh Daneshnia
  • Christopher J. Fries
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5659-0_3

History and Background

Biomedicine is at the height of its success, delivering more health care products and services to more people, at greater expense than ever before (Jonas, 2002). Prior to this, historical events such as The Meiji Restoration in Japan, the Scientific Revolution, and advancement of colonialism emphasized scientific enquiry and empirical thought over traditional healing methods (Mkize, 2009; Nishimura et al., 2009; Twohig, 2008). The introduction of antibiotics, rapid expansion of pharmaceuticals, and improved public health programs further contributed to the decline of traditional medicine (TM), and later complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) especially after World War II (Twohig, 2008). To maintain continuity throughout this entry, we will define traditional medicine (TM) as indigenous health traditions of the world in their original settings, and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as health care therapies outside the biomedical mainstream in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brenda L. Lovell
    • 1
  • Jamileh Daneshnia
    • 2
  • Christopher J. Fries
    • 3
  1. 1.WinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Victoria Institute of Clinical Research & EvaluationVictoria General HospitalWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.Department of Sociology, Faculty of ArtsUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada