Information Systems and Database Design in OR/MS
There are many close relations between information systems, database structures, and operations research (OR). The models and algorithmic procedures of OR are becoming more integrated parts of information systems. The task of OR may continually shift towards the comprehensive design of information systems, database structures included.
Architechture of Comprehensive Information Systems
Traditional data processing was based on collections of individual programs, separated from one another, each with its own individual data organization. Similarly, the characteristic OR packages were stand-alone solutions for singular types of problems, be it mathematical programming, network analysis, and simulation or even more specialized packages for the knapsack problem, traveling salesman problem, set covering problem, etc.
Future information systems, in contrast, will have a comprehensive architecture. The vast majority of data will be stored and maintained centrally, on a data...
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