Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2013 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Michael C. Fu

Input–Output Coefficients

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1153-7_200326

For some linear programming and other production problems, the A = (aij) coefficients of the constraints Ax = b can be interpreted as the amount of resource i required (input) to produce one unit of product j (output). More generally, an input–output matrix of American industries formed the bases of the economist Leontief’s contribution to economic theory.


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