Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Psychosocial Work Environment

  • Karen Jacobs
  • Miranda Hellman
  • Jacqueline Markowitz
  • Ellen Wuest
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_920



Psychosocial work environment pertains to interpersonal and social interactions that influence behavior and development in the workplace. Research has been conducted to determine the effects of the psychosocial work environment on stress levels and overall health. One study in particular found that low levels of support and control at work leads to increased rates of sickness absence (North, Syme, Feeney, Shipley, & Marmot, 1996). In other words, a positive and supportive psychosocial work environment is beneficial to employees in an occupational organization.


References and Readings

  1. North, F. M., Syme, S. L., Feeney, A., Shipley, M., & Marmot, M. (1996). Psychosocial work-environment and sickness absence among British civil servants: The Whitehall II study. American Journal of Public Health, 86, 332–340.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Jacobs
    • 1
  • Miranda Hellman
    • 2
  • Jacqueline Markowitz
    • 3
  • Ellen Wuest
    • 4
  1. 1.Occupational TherapyCollege of Health and Rehabilitation Science, Sargent Collage, Boston UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.Boston UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Boston UniversityAllstonUSA
  4. 4.Boston UniversityAllstonUSA