Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Psychosocial Impact

  • Alexandra Martini de Oliveira
  • Patrícia Cardoso Buchain
  • Adriana Dias Barbosa Vizzotto
  • Helio Elkis
  • Quirino Cordeiro
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_919

Synonyms

Definition

Psychosocial impact is defined as the effect caused by environmental and/or biological factors on individual’s social and/or psychological aspects.

Several psychiatric disorders may affect psychological and social aspects of individual’s lives. Examples are (a) obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), whereas these patients might present social marital disabilities, problems related to occupations and low income (Vikas, Avasthi, & Sharan, 2011), (b) people with cancer, who experienced negative psychological effect such as bad feelings and fears, as well as moderate to high levels of anxiety and psychological distress (Primo et al., 2000), (c) traumatic events such disasters, urban violence, and expose of terrorism may also impact on present psychosocial status (Eisenman et al., 2009). Natural disasters, like flooding, have been reported to cause a wide range of psychosocial impacts, leading the victims to present psychiatric symptoms...

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References and Readings

  1. de Zulueta, C. F. (2007). Mass violence and mental health: Attachment and trauma. International Review of Psychiatry, 19, 221–233.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Eisenman, D. P., Glik, D., Ong, M., Zhou, Q., Tseng, C. H., Long, A., et al. (2009). Terrorism-related fear and avoidance behavior in a multiethnic urban population. American Journal of Public Health, 99, 168–174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Paranjothy, S., Gallacher, J., Amlôt, R., Rubin, G. J., Page, L., Baxter, T., et al. (2011). Psychosocial impact of the summer 2007 floods in England. BMC Public Health, 11, 145.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Primo, K., Compas, B. E., Oppedisano, G., Howell, D. C., Epping-Jordan, J. E., & Krag, D. N. (2000). Intrusive thoughts and avoidance in breast cancer: Individual differences and associations with psychological distress. Psychology and Health, 14, 1141–1153.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Vikas, A., Avasthi, A., & Sharan, P. (2011). Psychosocial impact of obsessive-compulsive disorder on patients and their caregivers: A comparative study with depressive disorder. The International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 57, 45–56.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandra Martini de Oliveira
    • 1
  • Patrícia Cardoso Buchain
    • 2
  • Adriana Dias Barbosa Vizzotto
    • 2
  • Helio Elkis
    • 3
  • Quirino Cordeiro
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Psychiatry – Hospital das Clínicas University of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Occupational Therapist of the Occupational Therapy ServiceInstitute of Psychiatry, Hospital das Clínicas University of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department and Institute of PsychiatryUniversity of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry and Psychological MedicineSanta Casa Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil