Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Psychosocial Adjustment

  • Fong Chan
  • Elizabeth da Silva Cardoso
  • Julie Chronister
  • Emma Hiatt
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_917

Synonyms

Definition

Chronic illness and disability profoundly impacts the lives of many individuals. For example, approximately one in five Americans has physical, sensory, psychiatric, or cognitive impairments that affect their daily activities. Psychosocial adaptation entails the integration of illness or disability into the individual’s life, identity, self-concept, and body image. Psychosocial adaptation is defined as the process in which a person with a disability moves from a state of disablement to a state of enablement and is characterized by the transformation from negative to positive well-being (Livneh & Antonak, 2005). Observed across disability groups, psychosocial adaptation occurs as the individual moves toward a state of optimal person-environment congruence. The final stage of psychosocial adaptation, known as adjustment, represents maximum congruence between the individual’s subjective...

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Notes

Acknowledgments

The contents of this entry were developed with support through the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Effective Vocational Rehabilitation Service Delivery Practices (EBP-VR-RRTC) established at both the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of Wisconsin-Stout under a grant from the Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) grant number PR# H133B100034. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and endorsement by the Federal Government should not be assumed.

References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fong Chan
    • 1
  • Elizabeth da Silva Cardoso
    • 2
  • Julie Chronister
    • 3
  • Emma Hiatt
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Special EducationUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational Foundations & Counseling ProgramsThe City University of New York-Hunter CollegeNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of CounselingSan Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.Rehabilitaion Psychology and Special EducationUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA