Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Pregnancy Outcomes: Psychosocial Aspect

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_827



For most women, pregnancy is viewed as a natural and joyful event. In more than 80% of pregnancies, the delivery process is unremarkable, with no physiological or psychological complications. Indeed, the most notable changes associated with pregnancy often occur in social and partner relations, as well as changes to one’s lifestyle. For instance, sleep deprivation and disturbance are the most frequently reported pregnancy-related disturbances. Pregnancy-related sleep disturbances, in turn, impact numerous facets of life including mood, cognition, social functioning, and memory (Harding, 1975).

For a small percentage of women, pregnancy and delivery are complicated by a variety of adverse outcomes. Preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), or preterm delivery can significantly affect the psychological health of women. Psychosocial aspects of pregnancy outcomes range along a continuum and are multidimensional....

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References and Readings

  1. Harding, M. E. (1975). Maternity. In M. E. Harding (Ed.), The Way of All Women (pp. 160–170). New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  2. Lederman, R., & Weis, K. (2009). Psychosocial Adaptation to Pregnancy: Seven Dimensions of Maternal Role Development (3rd ed.). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Zager, R (2009). Glob. libr. women’s med., (ISSN: 1756-2228); doi:10.3843/GLOWM.1015Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sleep Medicine Institute and Department of PsychiatrySchool of Medicine, University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA