Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

  • Cortney J. Taylor
  • Whitney M. Herge
  • Annette M. La Greca
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_774

Definition

By age 16 years, approximately two thirds of youth report having experienced at least one traumatic event (Costello, Erkanli, Fairbank, & Angold, 2002; Copeland, Keeler, Angold, & Costello, 2007). This is distressing in that exposure to a traumatic event can lead to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is a debilitating condition that is associated with several poor mental and physical health outcomes. As such, it is imperative to understand the development and course of PTSD, including its prevalence, comorbid conditions, assessment, treatment, and prognosis.

Diagnostic Criteria

PTSD is an anxiety disorder. Criteria for diagnosis include (a) exposure to a traumatic event that resulted in actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of the self or others, and also that the person’s response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000, DSM-IV-TR, p. 467)....

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cortney J. Taylor
    • 1
  • Whitney M. Herge
    • 1
  • Annette M. La Greca
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA