Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Psychosocial Predictors

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_485

Synonyms

Definition

Psychosocial variables which act as predictors either of other psychosocial variables or behaviors, cognitions, risk, severity, mortality, or a number of other factors which may relate to behavioral medicine research, such as health outcomes.

Description

Psychosocial variables encompass both the social and psychological aspects of someone’s life and cover a broad range of both positive and negative factors often measured in behavioral medicine research. Social factors include quality of life, health behaviors (alcohol consumption, smoking status, drug use), physical activity level, and socioeconomic status, whereas personal factors include depressive symptoms, perceived stress levels, anxiety, and mood (see  Psychosocial Variables). Psychosocial variables often interrelate and can be used to predict behavioral and/or health outcomes. These variables also act as risk factors for mental health and chronic...

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References and Readings

  1. Blair, S. N., & Church, T. S. (2004). The fitness, obesity, and health equation: Is physical activity the common denominator? Journal of the American Medical Association, 292(10), 1232–1234.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Leserman, J., Jackson, E. D., Petitto, J. M., Golden, R. N., Silva, S. G., Perkins, D. O., et al. (1999). Progression to AIDS: The effects of stress, depressive symptoms, and social support. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 397–406.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ng, D. M., & Jeffery, R. W. (2003). Relationships between perceived stress and health behaviors in a sample of working adults. Health Psychology, 22(6), 638–642.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Whooley, M. A., de Jonge, P., Vittinghoff, E., Otte, C., Moos, R., Carney, R. M., et al. (2008). Depressive symptoms, health behaviors, and risk of cardiovascular events in patients with coronary heart disease. Journal of the American Medical Association, 300(20), 2379–2388.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Sport and Exercise SciencesUniversity of BirminghamEdgbastonUK